United Nations


Atoms for Peace

  Often called the world's "atoms for peace" organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) celebrates its 50th year of international service in 2007.

The IAEA is the world's centre of cooperation in the nuclear field. It was created in 1957 in response to the deep fears and expectations resulting from the discovery of nuclear energy. Its fortunes are uniquely geared to this controversial technology that can be used either as a weapon or as a practical and useful tool.

The Agency's genesis was US President Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" address to the General Assembly of the United Nations on 8 December 1953. These ideas helped to shape the IAEA Statute, which 81 nations unanimously approved in October 1956. The Statute outlines the three pillars of the Agency's work  nuclear verification and safeguards, safety and security, and technology transfer.

In December 2005, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2005 to the IAEA and to its Director General, Mohamed ElBaradei, for their work for a safer and more peaceful world. For more information, visit the Agency's public website at www.iaea.org